Badal Sircar?s ?third Theatre?
BADAL SIRCAR?S ?THIRD THEATRE?
Badal Sircar was a dramatist with a didactic purpose. He had a social commitment and it is reflected in his plays. His ?Third THEATRE was formed imbibing.ideas from the traditional and folk theatre. However, at the same time it had an identity of its own. It arose from that educated minority of feudal society who neither belonged to the peasants or the landlords. Sircar?s dramas do not have a plot. Likewise, there is no concrete characterization. The actors are free to choose their roles and exchange them on the stage.Even the audience can take part in the same. Further, there is the freedom of movement and there is no restriction of space.Body language is made maximum use of than facial expressions.often the stage apparatus can be constructed by the mere utilization of body language. Thus the set of the drama becomes portable and can be performed anywhere. Often the structure of the drama and the presentation of dialogue also add to theme of the play. For instance, in Evam Indrajit, the structure of the play is cyclical, echoing the main idea of the play:the monotony of a mechanical existence .Sentences and scenes may be short, broken and at times, totally meaningless reminiscent of the Theatre of the Absurd. The plays often deal with the middle-class and their problems ,frustrations and conflicts.
Sircar?s major play Evam Indrajit(And Indrajit) has as the theme -the monotony, stagnation and futility of the contemporary existence. The cyclical nature of the play is emphasized echoing people ?go round and round.? For, instance we find Aunty persuading Indrajit, the main character, to have his food at the beginning of the play. Later, we find Manasi saying the same thing. People change, but the action is the same without any meaning. Again, we find many characters played by he same person. The Writer plays both the peon and the boss in the office. Sircar wanted to imply that there was no essential difference between the two: both were human beings. Likewise, the different characters of the play appear to be different aspects of the writer himself reflecting his psyche. We often find one detail pointing to the other ;the marriage of Indrajit and the second Manasi points to the relation between him and the first one. Throughout the play, we search for something useful as in the conventional plays, and it reflects the writer?s attempt to find something meaningful in his life.
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